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What is predictive geospatial analysis, and how does it impact location-based marketing initiatives?

Alexis Hughes on

geospatial insights and intelligence
It's no secret that marketers need to make the most of their customer data, especially considering the importance of creating relevant, enjoyable omnichannel experiences for today's consumers. Location is a pivotal component of an effective omnichannel strategy — the challenge is identifying where your investments will yield the greatest returns for your business.

Location intelligence refers to a suite of geospatial analysis techniques enhanced with predictive customer insights. Whether you're considering increasing investment in your existing markets, expanding to new ones, or looking to drive foot traffic to specific retail or branch locations, incorporating propensity scores into the following geospatial analyses enables your business to identify which areas have the best opportunity to maximize ROI on geographical expansion, geo-targeted marketing campaigns, and much more.

Three predictive geospatial analysis techniques for your location-based marketing strategy

Every geography is different when it comes to the types of customers who live there and how they choose to engage with your brand, products or services, and marketing initiatives. Sometimes these geographic differences are negligible, but often there are important distinctions that can help you improve out-of-home campaigns or store placement. Here are three predictive geospatial analysis techniques that can help maximize your returns.

Trade zone analysis

"Who lives near my business's location, and how far are they willing to travel to get there?"
predictive trade zone analysis
Predictive trade zone analysis considers the location of an existing or proposed business site. The analysis uses customer and geographic data to establish which customers and prospects live within a certain radius of the location and how far they're willing to travel to get there.

Leveraging the results of a trade zone analysis, you can better identify which customers within a given area you should target, whether that's with a direct mailer, a phone call, or even an email drip.

Market and hotspot analyses

"How can I efficiently expand into new markets?"
predictive hotspot analysis
Predictive market analysis, also known as market sizing, is used when you want to understand the level of opportunity and/or site-suitability in a particular city or neighborhood. Though not limited to offline initiatives — you can also identify high-value areas of online shoppers to optimize your keyword bidding strategy for SEM campaigns — this analysis is often useful when establishing an offline experience (e.g. new storefront, pop-up shop, or billboard).

A hotspot analysis — a component of a predictive market analysis — identifies high-density areas of your target customers and ranks the geographies where your business would perform best. Depending on your growth goals, the scale of the prospective area could be as large as the entire nation or as small as a specific neighborhood.

Penetration analysis

“What is the realistic opportunity for growth in a given geography?”
market penetration analysis
Unlike the two previous geospatial analyses, a penetration analysis does not predict market performance so much as it reports on existing performance to give you insight into how you should prioritize your resources. The most valuable insight derived from a penetration analysis is the opportunity index, which suggests the percentage of likely-to-act consumers in a given market. It essentially identifies markets where your business has the greatest potential to maximize returns on future investments.

A penetration analysis can be supplemented with a subsequent market analysis to educate you further about customers and new opportunities in smaller areas of interest, like specific zip codes or neighborhoods.

geospatial insights for retail strategy

Importance of physical retail in effective omnichannel commerce

Establishing a brick-and-mortar presence can be expensive, and it's often difficult to execute efficiently. In the past, retail siting and market sizing efforts have been outsourced to slow-moving consultants or have been founded on educated guesses, rather than data-driven predictions.

Today we're hearing a lot about the “retail apocalypse,” where longstanding big-box stores are shuttering thousands of stores as consumers increasingly shop online and engage with direct-to-consumer brands over traditional retail. But as larger stores close locations, digitally native brands are turning towards brick-and-mortar retail as an additional revenue source — and they're finding a high rate of success. According to Forbes, these brands have plans to open more than 850 new locations in the next few years.

The same report notes that “when a retailer opens a new store, on average, that brand's website traffic increases by 37%, relative share of web traffic goes up by 27% and the retailer's overall brand image is enhanced.” This so-called “halo effect” is often improved with location intelligence.

If you're looking to expand your own business into new areas, temporary retail initiatives — pop-up shops, showrooms, and multi-brand partnerships — provide you with the opportunity to explore different markets at a lower risk. But because there's not always the same draw as a full-fledged brick-and-mortar presence, you still need to be intentional about where you place these temporary offline experiences and how you curate them for each geography. What may be successful with consumers in one city may not engage a different city's consumers as effectively. Employing predictive geospatial analysis techniques can help you understand the nuances in your customers' offline shopping behaviors.

geospatial insights for marketing strategy

Impact of location intelligence on marketing and advertising

Location intelligence isn't limited to physical retail initiatives. The insights generated from these predictive geospatial analyses are often applicable to both traditional and digital marketing initiatives.

If your business operates in a variety of locations, it's often safe to assume the kinds of customers you serve will vary from place to place.

For example, if you renovate homes and build audiences for marketing campaigns targeted around what kinds of houses your potential customers live in in Texas, that same audience criteria probably won't work in New Jersey. Why? Well, most houses in Texas don't have basements. And if you're using that criteria to target homeowners in New Jersey, where many houses do include this feature, you could miss out on a number of potential customers.

With direct mail campaigns, canvassing, or even phone banking, leveraging household details — from family size to type of home to a roof's solar suitability — on your leads can reduce your customer acquisition costs. Instead of targeting neighborhoods or cities en masse, you can identify specific homes that meet the criteria of your target audience.

A similar effect happens when you leverage geospatial insights on your customer base if you're thinking about implementing subway, bus ads, billboards, or any other out-of-home experience into your marketing strategy. Identifying high-opportunity areas and understanding how consumers in those areas compare to their neighbors or the greater population enables you to tailor your ads to those who are likely to engage with them.

Online initatives like search engine marketing (SEM) can also be bettered with the use of geographic and customer data. For example, putting bid modifiers on high and low-opportunity zip codes helps optimize your overall spend.

Grow intelligently

As consumers continue to engage and shop across a variety of channels, failing to fully explore both online and offline opportunities can be the Achilles' heel of companies with even the highest potential for growth.

Location intelligence is just one piece of an optimized omnichannel strategy, but a vital one. Right now there is more access than ever to consumer and geographic data, and the businesses that are scaling efficiently in today's competitive markets are capitalizing on the insights that data provides. How is your business growing intelligently?


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